What is a photograph? It is a story. What is a story? It is is a series of sentences connected to each other. The same is true about photography. To create a photograph, it is not enough just to take an image of something. The first impression from a photograph is determined by the composition balance of an image.
To increase the expressiveness of your digital pictures, apply the picture composition rules while taking the photos or modeling their edges.
Rule of Thirds
The Rule of Thirds is based on the fact that the human eye is naturally drawn to a point about two-thirds up a page. Crop your photo so that the main subjects are located around one of the intersection points rather than in the center of the image:
Your landscapes will be optimally pleasing to the eye if you apply the Rule of Thirds when you place your horizon line.
If the area of interest is land or water, the horizon line will usually be two-thirds up from the bottom. Alternately, if the sky is the area of emphasis, the horizon line may be one-third up from the bottom, leaving the sky to take up the top two-thirds of the picture:
Golden Section rule
It has been found that certain points in a picture's composition automatically attract the viewer's attention. Similarly, many natural or man-made objects and scenes with certain proportions (whether by chance or by design) automatically please us. Leonardo da Vinci investigated the principle that underlies our notions of beauty and harmony and called it the Golden Section. Long before Leonardo, however, Babylonian, Egyptian, and ancient Greek masters also applied the Golden Section proportion in architecture and art.
To get a clearer sense of these special "Golden" composition points, imagine a picture divided into nine unequal parts with four lines. Each line is drawn so that the width of the resulting small part of the image relates to that of the big part exactly as the width of the whole image relates to the width of the big part. Points where the lines intersect are the "golden" points of the picture:
One side of the picture is divided into two, and then each half is divided into three parts. The adjacent side is divided so that the lines connecting the resulting points form a diagonal frame. According to the Diagonal Rule, important elements of the picture should be placed along these diagonals:
Linear elements, such as roads, waterways, and fences placed diagonally, are generally perceived as more dynamic than horizontally placed ones:
Tips for beginners
1. Hold your camera at the main object's level. Taking a picture from above or below brings in the photo an element of exertion.
2. Ordinarily, the main source of light should be placed behind you. To take a picture with the light between you and the object is the task for a specialist.
3. Use a dark background for taking a picture of a light object, or, alternatively, a light background for doing so of a dark object. Note though, that the absolutely white background causes flare effect that leads to reducing the contrast of a taken picture.
4. When the main object of an image is located on the long shot, the whole image will look better if the foreground objects will be taken into the image as well.
5. A space in a shot should be reserved in front of an actually or potentially moving object.
6. Don't be afraid of breaking rules! As Edward Weston said, "Consulting the rules of composition before taking a photograph is like consulting the laws of gravity before going for a walk." Selengkapnya...
Senin, 12 Juli 2010
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows is an upcoming two-part fantasy-adventure film directed by David Yates and based on the novel of the same name by J. K. Rowling. The two parts are the final instalments in the popular Harry Potter franchise, as well as the third and fourth films to be directed by Yates, who helmed the previous two movies. David HeymanSteve Kloves, the screenwriter of the first four and sixth entries. The story follows Harry Potter on a quest to find and destroy Lord Voldemort's secret to immortality - the Horcruxes. The film stars Daniel Radcliffe as Harry Potter, along with Rupert Grint and Emma Watson as Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger. Principal photography for both parts was completed on 12 June 2010. and David Barron serve as producers for the film and the screenplay is written by
Part I will be released on 19 November 2010 and Part II on 15 July 2011. Both parts will be released by Warner Bros. Pictures in 2D and 3D formats on their individual release dates. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows will be the first-and-only entry from the series to be entirely in 3D. It will also be released in IMAX 3D.
On 23 June 2010, Warner Bros. released a full synopsis of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part I:
Part 1 begins as Harry, Ron and Hermione set out on their perilous mission to track down and destroy the secret to Voldemort's immortality and destruction— Horcruxes. On their own, without the guidance of their professors or the protection of Professor Dumbledore, the three friends must now rely on one another more than ever. But there are Dark Forces in their midst that threaten to tear them apart.
Meanwhile, the wizarding world has become a dangerous place for all enemies of the Dark Lord. The long-feared war has begun and Voldemort's Death Eaters seized control of the Ministry of Magic and even Hogwarts, terrorizing and arresting anyone who might oppose them. But the one prize they still seek is the one most valuable to Voldemort: Harry Potter. The Chosen One has become the hunted one as the Death Eaters search for Harry with orders to bring him to Voldemort... alive.
Harry's only chance is to find the Horcruxes before Voldemort finds him. But as he searches for clues, he uncovers an old and almost forgotten tale—the legend of the Deathly Hallows. And if the legend turns out to be true, it could give Voldemort the ultimate power he seeks.
Little does Harry know that his future has already been decided by his past when, on that fateful day, he became "the Boy Who Lived." No longer just a boy, Harry Potter is drawing ever closer to the task for which he has been preparing since the day he first stepped into Hogwarts: the ultimate battle with Voldemort.
The decision to divide Rowling's final book into a two-part movie came from the original declined proposal to split Goblet of Fire in 2004. Deathly Hallows was shot back to back, and treated as if it were one film. The idea to split the book into a two-part movie had been around since the middle of 2007, but only came into serious consideration after producer David Heyman was able to talk to writer Steve Kloves when the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike ended and Heyman had Rowling's approval. Kloves started his work on the script for the second part in April 2009.
According to Warner Bros. executive Alan F. Horn it will allow "an extra hour and a half to celebrate what this franchise has been and do justice to all the words and ideas in the amazing story." Heyman described the workings behind the split: "Deathly Hallows is so rich, the story so dense and there is so much that is resolved that, after discussing it with J.K Rowling, we came to the conclusion that two parts were needed." Kloves was not able to start work on the script until the WGA strike ended.
Before David Yates was officially chosen to direct the film, others had expressed an interest in the job. Alfonso Cuarón, director of Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, had said that he would be tempted to return to direct. Guillermo del Toro, who passed on Prisoner of Azkaban, had expressed interest in directing Deathly Hallows, but an increased workload over the production of The Hobbit ruled him out of the project.
Heyman noted that the films will be a closer recreation of the books than the previous films because of the length a two-part adaptation entails. Daniel Radcliffe said: "This is a road movie, particularly in Part One of the film. People have been so used to seeing Harry Potter at Hogwarts and we're just not there for the first part of the film. That seems to have really freshened things up, and hopefully will get people seeing the films with fresh eyes again, because it’s just a totally different look when you're not just sat in the same room the whole time."
Yates and Heyman have noted that some of the events of this film had an effect on the way the sixth film was written.
Although Yates had retained composer Nicholas Hooper for Half-Blood Prince, Hooper has confirmed he will not be returning for the Deathly Hallows. In July 2009, John Williams, composer for the first three films, said that he will return for Deathly Hallows Part II as long as it fits with his schedule. In January 2010, Alexandre Desplat was confirmed to produce the score for Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part I. Desplat will start scoring the soundtrack in the Summer with London Symphony Orchestra and has admitted that he is going to include Hedwig's Theme, created by John Williams, in his composition. In an interview he stated, "We will start this Summer and it will take me all Summer. I will not have many holidays, but again it's for good reason - for the soundtrack. I would take every opportunity to use the fabulous theme written by John Williams. I'd say it is not sufficiently used in the latest movies, so if I have the opportunity and if the footage will allow me, I will arrange it ... I shall make it with great honour and pleasure." Alexandre Desplat will score until September this year
Pre-production began on 26 January 2009, while filming began on 19 February 2009 at Leavesden Studios, where the previous six instalments were filmed. Pinewood Studios became the second studio location for filming the seventh movie. Bruno Delbonnel, the Director of Photography for the sixth film, opted not to work on Deathly Hallows, as he was afraid of repeating himself. Therefore, Eduardo Serra was chosen to be the cinematographer for Part I and II. Director David Yates said that the film will be shot with "loads of hand-held cameras." He stated, "I want to shake things up every time I go into this world. I like experimenting as we go along." The shoot took more than projected 250 days. In October 2009, Ralph Fiennes started filming his role as Lord Voldemort. Many of the adult actors also prepared for filming during that period. The crew also shot on location, with Swinley Forest and Freshwater West as two of the main outdoor filming areas, along with the village of Lavenham in SuffolkLondon city. and the streets of
On 26 March 2010, filming wrapped up in Pinewood Studios. However, Leavesden Studios was still occupied for further filming. The movie in its entirety was filmed over a one and a half year period throughout the United Kingdom and wrapped up on 12 June 2010. The Epilogue scene was one of the last scenes to be shot.
During production at Leavesden, Radcliffe's stunt double David Holmes suffered a serious spinal injury during filming of an aerial sequence, which left him paralyzed. Holmes fell to the ground following an explosion which was part of the stun. Selengkapnya...